“Regardless of which country is seen as the economic powerhouse today, many publics believe China will eventually replace the U.S. as the world’s leading superpower, if it has not already done so,” according to the report released today by the Washington-based Pew Center’s Global Attitudes Project.

According to a survey of around 38,000 people in 39 countries released on Thursday by the Washington-based Pew Research Center, majorities or pluralities in 23 of the nations surveyed said China either has replaced or eventually will oust the U.S. as the world’s top superpower. The Chinese don’t question their nation’s eventual dominance, but Americans are split on the question, the poll found.

Read more about the world’s thoughts on China’s growth from Bloomberg here or the Wall Street Journal here.